# Multiple Bar Graph Problems And Solutions

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In this post, we will be learning about Bar graph problems and answers. We will see many situations where Bar graph can be used with tricks/shortcut to make and solve them. Bar graphs are used to compare things between different groups or to track changes over time. However, when trying to measure change over time, bar graphs are best when the changes are larger.

So, let us start the learning now on basically how to frame a bar graph with the figures provided and how to solve problems in identifying the figures with the help of Bar graph.

Related article: Pie Chart Questions And Answers With Examples

## Getting Started

This post contains three sections –

• Section A – This section contains important formulas, short tricks, concepts on Bar graphs
• Section B – This section contains some examples that demonstrates how to build and solve questions on Bar graphs using short tricks, formulas shown in section A.
• Section C – This is an exercise section that contains some Bar graph problems and solutions.

Now,

Where to start from?

We recommend to go through section A, then section B, then section C. Even if you are familiar with this topic, do not just skip section A and section B.

## Section A (Terms & Definition)

The data collected in a particular category are represented in the form of vertical or horizontal bars drawn by selecting a particular scale. One of the parameters is plotted on the horizontal axis and the other on the vertical axis. The Student is required to understand the given information and then answer the given questions based on data analysis. Thus,

A bar graph is useful for comparing facts. It provides a visual display for comparing different quantities. Another name for bar graph is bar chart.

## Section B (Examples)

Now, we will see an example on bar graph and how to solve it.

I.  The bar graph below shows the data about the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US \$) from 1991-92 to 1998-99. Answer the questions based on this graph. #### Example 1

How many times was the foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 that in 1994-95?

Solution:

Required ratio = 5040 / 3360

= 1.5

#### Example 2

What was the percentage increase in foreign exchange reserves in the year 1997-98 over 1993-94?

Solution:

Foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 = 5040

Foreign exchange reserves in 1993-94 = 2520

So, Increase = 5040 – 2520

= 2520

Hence, Percentage increase = ((2520 / 2520) × 100) %

= 100 %

#### Example 3

During which year, the percentage increase of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year, is the highest?

Solution:

There is an increase in foreign exchange reserves in the following years 1992-93, 1994-95,1996-97 and 1997-98 as compared to previous year (as shown in bar graph).

The percentage increase in the reserves during these years compared to previous year is:

1.  For 1992-93 = [ (3720-2640)/2640× 100] % = 40.91%
2. For 1994-95 = [ (3360-2520)/2520 × 100] % = 33.33%
3. For 1996-97 = [(4320-3120)/3120× 100] % = 38.46%
4. For 1997-98 = [(5040-4320)/4320× 100] % = 16.67%

Clearly, the percent increase of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year is the highest for 1992-93.

Thus, we just went through different bar graph problems and solutions.

## Section C (Exercises)

In this section, we will see different questions and answers on bar graph ( or bar chart).

At first try to solve questions on your own. Then see the solution.

II. Study the following bar graph and answer the questions given below: a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4

a. 2000 and 2001
b. 1999 and 2000
c. 1998 and 2000
d. 1995 and 2001

a. 33 1/3 %
b. 30 %
c. 25 %
d. 21 %

a. 2002
b. 2001
c. 1999
d. 1996

###### 2.5 How much was the percentage increase in production of fertilizers in 2002 compared to 1995?

a. 320 %
b. 300 %
c. 220 %
d. 200 %

Now, we will move to our next exercise on bar graph problems and solutions chapter. This is related to sales of different product in a cosmetic companies. Please read the data carefully and solve the questions.

III. A cosmetic company produces five different products. The sales of these five products (in lakh number of packs) during 1995 and 2000 are shown in the following graph. Answer the questions below based on this graph. a. Lipsticks
b. Nail enamels
c. Talcum powder
d. Shampoos

a. Lipsticks
b. Nail enamels
c. Talcum powder
d. Shampoos

a. 33%
b. 31%
c. 28%
d. 22%

a. 57 %
b. 36 %
c. 29 %
d. 25 %

###### 3.5. What is the ratio of the sales of nail enamels in 2000 to the sales of Talcum powders in 1995?

a. 7:2
b. 5:2
c. 4:3
d. 2:1

That’s end of our questions on sales in different product.

Now, we will move to our next exercise on bar graph problems and solutions – production of different cars in a company. Read the questions carefully and answer questions.

IV. Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. The figure shows the percentage distribution production of 6 different cars by a car manufacturing company into various models over two years. Total number of cars produced in 2000 = 3, 75,000

Total number of cars produced in 2001 = 4, 70,000

a. 2,45,000
b. 2,27,500
c. 2,25,000
d. 1,92,500

a. Q
b. R
c. S
d. T

a. 37,750
b. 27,000
c. 22,500
d. 17,500

a. 1,41,000
b. 1,32,000
c. 1,17,000
d. 1,05,000

###### 4.5 If 85% of the S type cars produced in each year were sold by the company, how many S type cars remained unsold?

a. 7650
b. 9350
c. 12675
d. 12250

That’s end of questions on production of cars in manufacturing company.

Now, we will move to our next exercise on bar graph problems and solutions chapter. This exercise is related to book sales in two years in a publishing company.

V. Study the bar graph that shows the books sales (in thousand numbers) from different branches of a publishing company during two consecutive years 2000 and 2001.Answer the questions based on this bar graph. a. 250
b. 310
c. 435
d. 560

a. 68.54 %
b. 71.11 %
c. 73.17 %
d. 75.55 %

a. 73
b. 80
c. 83
d. 88

a. 2:3
b. 3:5
c. 4:5
d. 7:9

###### 5.5 What percentage of the average sales of branches B1, B2 and B3 in 2001 is the average sales of branches B1, B3 and B6 in 2000?

a. 75%
b. 5%
c. 5%
d. 85%

Now, we will move to our next exercise on bar graph problems and solutions chapter. This is related to percentage distribution of total expenditure of a company.

VI. Read the bar graph that shows the percentage distribution of total expenditure of a company under various expense heads during 2003 and answer the questions that follow: a. 5 %
b. 10 %
c. 20 %
d. 40 %

a. 5:4
b. 8:7
c. 9:7
d. 13:11

###### 6.3 Find the difference between the expenditures on transport and taxes, If the expenditure on advertisement is Rs.2.10 crores.

a. 1.25 crores
b. 95 lakhs
c. 65 lakhs
d. 35 lakhs

That’s end of exercise on Bar graph problems and solutions. Let me know in comment section if you find anything wrong in this article.