Create an Android VideoView Programmatically in Android

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Hello Readers! In this post, we are going to learn how to create and use android videoView programmatically in any android application. We will also learn to add videoView in linearLayout programmatically in any application.

Output

Tutorialwing Android Dynamic VideoView Output Android VideoView Programmatically in android

Tutorialwing Android Dynamic VideoView Output

Getting Started

At first, we will create an android application. Then, we will use videoView widget in the application.

1. Creating New Project

Follow the steps below to create a new project. Please ignore the steps if you have already created a new project.

Step Description
1. Open Android Studio.
2. Go to File => New => New Project. Write application name as DynamicVideoView. Then, click next button.
3. Select minimum SDK you need. However, we have selected 17 as minimum SDK. Then, click next button
4. Then, select Empty Activity => click next => click finish.
5. If you have followed above process correctly, you will get a newly created project successfully. However, you can also visit post to create a new project to know steps in detail.

Now, we will modify xml and java file to use android videoView programmatically.

2. Modify values folder

Open res/values/strings.xml file and add below code into it.

<resources>
	<string name="app_name">DynamicVideoView</string>
	<string name="play">Play</string>
	<string name="pause">Pause</string>
	<string name="paused">Paused…</string>
	<string name="playing">Playing…</string>
</resources>

3. Modify Layout Folder

Open res/layout/activity_main.xml file. Then, add below code into it.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
	android:id="@+id/rootContainer"
	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	android:layout_width="match_parent"
	android:layout_height="match_parent"
	android:gravity="center"
	android:orientation="vertical">

	<Button
		android:id="@+id/button"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_margin="5dp"
		android:text="@string/play"/>

</LinearLayout>

In activity_main.xml file, we have defined button and linearLayout, with id rootContainer, that will act as container for videoView created programmatically in the application.

4. Create Android VideoView Programmatically / Dynamically

Open app/src/main/java/com.tutorialwing.dynamicvideoview/MainActivity.java file and add below code into it.

package com.tutorialwing.dynamicvideoview;

import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.widget.VideoView;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

		final VideoView videoView = new VideoView(this);
		LinearLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
		layoutParams.setMargins(10, 10, 10, 10);
		videoView.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);

		String path = "android.resource://" + getPackageName() + "/" + R.raw.a;
		videoView.setVideoURI(Uri.parse(path));

		LinearLayout linearLayout = findViewById(R.id.rootContainer);
		// Add VideoView to LinearLayout
		if (linearLayout != null) {
			linearLayout.addView(videoView);
		}

		final Button button = findViewById(R.id.button);
		if (button != null) {
			button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
				@Override
				public void onClick(View v) {
					boolean isPlaying = videoView.isPlaying();
					button.setText(isPlaying ? R.string.play : R.string.pause);

					String msg = getString(isPlaying ? R.string.paused : R.string.playing);
					Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, msg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
					if (isPlaying) {
						videoView.pause();
					} else {
						videoView.start();
					}
				}
			});
		}
	}
}

In MainActivity.java file, we have created android videoView programmatically. Then, set layout params and margins to it. Then, we have accessed video resource stored in res/raw folder, then, added this video resource to videoView. After that, we have added videoView to linearLayout, having id rootContainer. At last, we have set click listener to play / pause the video in videoView. If video is playing, it will be paused and vice-versa.

Since AndroidManifest.xml file is very important in any android project. We are also going to see the content inside this file.

AndroidManifest.xml file

Code inside src/main/AndroidManifest.xml file would look like below –

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest package="com.tutorialwing.dynamicvideoview"
		  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

	<application
		android:allowBackup="true"
		android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
		android:label="@string/app_name"
		android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
		android:supportsRtl="true"
		android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
		<activity android:name=".MainActivity">
			<intent-filter>
				<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>

				<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
			</intent-filter>
		</activity>
	</application>

</manifest>

When we run the application, we will get output as shown above.

That’s the end of tutorial on Creating Android VideoView Programmatically.

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Greetings!
We have recently published 100+ articles on android tutorials with kotlin and java. If you need, you may visit Android Tutorial for beginners page. You can also check Kotlin Tutorial for beginners