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What is Android ? Perhaps this is the most common question asked in the interview related to android. Although it seems very easy, yet it is deciding factor in candidate selection. In this post, we will answer this question(What is Android?)
Android is an operating system, based on Linux kernel, developed by google. It is being used for mobile devices such as tablet and smartphones. Further, it was developed for smart watches and TV . Each of them has a specialised interface.
Due to it’s open source nature, many developers have contributed in it’s development. The Goal of the android project is to create a real-world product that improves user’s life.
Initially, Android was developed by Android Inc., which google bought in year 2005. The first commercial version was released in september 2008. Since then, many versions of android have been released with many features.
Android source code is known as Android Open Source Project(AOSP) and is primarily licensed under the Apache License.
Features of Android
Truly speaking, it is impossible to list all the features of android in a single post. So, We are just going to mention the popular and important features of android using below image.
These features just did not come up in the first version itself. It took so many years for developers to develop such fantastic features. In this process, many versions of android have been released. Current version of android (as of writing this post) is Android P (Android 9.0, API Level 28).
Different Versions of Android
- 1.0 Android Apple Pie
- 1.1 Android Banana Bread
- 1.5 Android Cupcake
- 1.6 Android Donut
- 2.0 Android Eclair
- 2.2 Android Froyo
- 2.3 Android GingerBread
- 3.0 Android Honeycomb
- 4.0 Android Ice Cream Sandwich
- 4.1 Android Jelly Bean
- 4.4 Android KitKat
- 4.4W Android KitKat Watch
- 5.0 Android Lollipop
- 6.0 Android Marshmallow
- 7.0 Android Nougat
- 8.0 Android Oreo
- 9.0 Android P
We have also organised different android versions release data, features added/improved in each version etc.
Most Popular Categories Of Android Applications on Google Play
Here are some of the top most categories of android applications on Google Play Store –
- Music & Audio
- Books & Reference
- Travels & Local
- Health & Fitness
Some of the Popular Android App
Some of the popular android applications on Google Play Stores are –
- Google Maps
- Google Assistant
- Google Play Music
At this point, You would have definitely gotten an idea about what is android.
Considering it’s popularity in mobile devices, Tutorialwing presents you Android Application Development Tutorial With Java And Kotlin.
Let’s start android tutorial by installing and setup android studio.