In this article, we will learn about how to write python program to swap two numbers without using third variable.

## Getting Started

The task is to swap two numbers in python without using any other variable.

For example,

Let’s assume **a** and **b** are two numbers where, **a = 50** and **b = 60**.

Now, we need to write a python program to swap these two numbers without using third variable. So, output should be **a = 60** and **b = 50**

There are multiple ways to achieve above tasks.

- Using Tuple Packing and Unpacking
- Using XOR bitwise operation
- Using Multiplication and Division Operation
- Using Bitwise Operation

## 1. Using Tuple Packing and Unpacking

Tuple packing an unpacking is the easiest and simplest way to swap two numbers in python without third variable.

It can be done as shown below –

num1 = 50 num2 = 60 print("Before swap: num1 =", num1, "num2 =", num2) num1, num2 = num2, num1 print("After swap: num1 =", num1, "num2 =", num2)

Here,

- Statement
**num1, num2 = num2, num1**does the actual swapping process. Rest of the lines in above code example are just to show the output.

Output:

Before swap: num1 = 50 num2 = 60 After swap: num1 = 60 num2 = 50

## 2. Using XOR bitwise operation

XOR operation can also be used to swap two variables in python without using third variable. It can be done as shown below –

a = int(input("Enter the value of a: ")) b = int(input("Enter the value of b: ")) # Swapping without using a third variable a = a ^ b b = a ^ b a = a ^ b # Output swapped values print("After swapping:") print("a =", a) print("b =", b)

Here,

- We have used XOR operator, i.e. ^, for our swap operation.

Output:

Enter the value of a: 50 Enter the value of b: 60 After swapping: a = 60 b = 50

## 3. Using Multiplication and Division Operation

There is an alternate option to above program too. We can also use multiplication and division operation to swap two variables in python without using third variable.

It can be shown as below –

a = 10 b = 20 # Print the values before swapping print("Before swapping:") print("Value of a:", a, "and b:", b) # Swapping without using a third variable a = a * b # Multiply a by b. Then, assign the result to a b = a / b # Divide a (i.e now, it is a*b) by b. Then, assign the result to b a = a / b # Divide a by b. Then, assign the result to a # Print the values after swapping print("After swapping:") print("Value of a:", a, "and b:", b)

Here,

- We have used multiplication and division only to swap two numbers in python.

Output:

Before swapping: Value of a: 50 and b: 60 After swapping: Value of a: 60 and b: 50

## 4. Using Bitwise Operation

Bitwise operation can also be used to write python program to swap two numbers without using third variable as shown below –

a = 5 b = 10 print("Before swapping:") print("Value of a:", a, "and b:", b) # Swapping without using a third variable using bitwise operations a = (a & b) + (a | b) # a = (a AND b) + (a OR b) b = a + (~b) + 1 # b = a + (~b) + 1 (two's complement) a = a + (~b) + 1 # a = a + (~b) + 1 (two's complement) print("After swapping:") print("Value of a:", a, "and b:", b)

Here,

- We are using two’s complement feature and swapping the variables.

Output:

Before swapping: Value of a: 50 and b: 60 After swapping: Value of a: 60 and b: 50

We have also covered many other ways to swap two numbers in python. You can have a look at them if you want. Learn more about python at official site.